The Encomienda system was a trusteeship labour system employed by the Spanish Crown. Initially, fast reading without taking notes and underlines should be done. The Arrival of the African in the... ...French, English, and Africans got involved in the slave trade. Building on Michael Craton’s typology, it is important to note the different transitions of resistance. Oct. 24. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The earliest records of the African slave trade in America date back to the beginning of the 17th century, when racial slavery was a punishment for servants who broke the law. In Ghana and Nigeria in the 18th century, where the countries' economies depended largely on the selling of hand labor, slavery inside Africa... ...SLAVERY This theme covers the Economic Revolutions (sugar & mahogany etc.) This preserves the length of the cellulose fibers. theme-caribbean_economy_and_slavery.doc: File Size: 2299 kb: File Type: doc Paper, and the pulp papermaking process, was said to be developed in China during the early 2nd century AD, possibly as early as the year 105 A.D.,[1] by the Han court eunuch Cai Lun, although the earliest archaeological fragments of paper derive from the 2nd century BC in China. C 7. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Get ideas for your own presentations. Classic; Flipcard; Magazine; Mosaic; Sidebar; Snapshot; Timeslide; Loading. The African slave trade has been alive for centuries. Account for the introduction of enslaved Africans to the Caribbean in the early 16thcentury. those enslaved against their enslavers’ (V. Shepherd). The sugar industry was a large economic source and the slaves ensured plantations were running. Timeslide. Rationale 1 Before the arrival of the first African slave ship, until the expansion of Maroon communities and the birth of Creolized Africans, slaves have resisted and resented the hostile confinements of slavery. African slaves were usually war captives or criminals. Initial reading is to get a rough idea of what information is provided for the analyses. and impact, The Trans-Atlantic slave trade, Sugar Production and Marketing, the Emergence Plantation Society of a and African cultural forms. The students are expected to do a lot of research in this area. Also, I would like to pay credit to the developers of the following Websites: www.google.com and www.ask.com. Area of Research: Slavery in the Caribbean I had some difficulties in doing this task but she patiently assisted me until I fully understood and got it done Justify this statement outlining and assessing the way(s) in which the slave trade impacted West African societies. The marriage between slaves and masters was a forbidden. Theme 2: Caribbean Economy and Slavery Question 3 This question, required for Section (a) that candidates explain why captive Africans were brought to the Caribbean in the sixteenth century. Plantation Agriculture, Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Caribbean. Because the institution of slavery has exerted such momentous force in shaping the socioeconomic and political history of the Caribbean, much of the region's historical writing has focused on slavery. History Sba - Free download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. three social effects of EITHER the changeover from tobacoo to sugar OR from logwoood to mahogany. HIRE verified writer $35.80 for a 2-page paper. Section (c) tested their knowledge of the reasons for the high mortality aboard slave ships. ...Rationale The West African Coast was the source of the Caribbean’s labour from the 1500s to the 1800s much to the detriment of Africa’s Development and Progress. Classic; Flipcard; Magazine; Mosaic; Sidebar; Snapshot ; Timeslide; Oct. 24. Labels: Africa African commerce Caribbean History European Commerce Middle Passage Plantation Life Trans Atlantic Slave Trade Triangular Trade 0 Add a comment Chapter Two View Slavery In The Caribbean PPTs online, safely and virus-free! The British West Indies (BWI) 8 [14] This in turn caused them to become more suspicious of being overrun and it coarsened them and warped their societies. Dunn, R.S. With the definitions obtained, it can now be stated that the history of the Caribbean is the history of the various situations in which labours were taken unfair advantage of, for personal gain by their employers. Theme 2 – Caribbean Economy and Slavery The West African Coast was the source of the Caribbean’s labour from the 1500s to the 1800s much to the detriment of Africa’s Development and Progress. “What evidence is there to prove that the Africans, who arrived in the British West Indies, were ill-treated?”This project seeks to examine the nature of slavery in the British West Indies and to prove that the slaves endured harsh, inhumane conditions. The African slaves were invaded by Spain and the white Americans. The cost to ship slaves from West Africa to Portugal and Spain and then to the Americas proved prohibitive. University of the West Indies In the long-term, it caused a great economic loss in the region’s production, as it sowed the seeds of self-destruction in the region and led to communities ‘eating their own children’. The slaves were wanted to make the plantation owners work a lot easier. There was a big difference between African slavery and European slavery. What was initially the most profitable… The expanded cultivation of these stimulants in the Americas (… It was spices that created the trade. Caribbean Slave Society and Economy brings together into one volume the main themes of the recent research on slavery, and explores the patterns and forms of socioeconomic life 3. [1] Slavery has existed on almost all continents throughout recorded history. In the 18th century, slaves were mostly used in the South to work in plantations and farms, especially by rich landowners who could afford the extra expense in order to maximize their profits. Resistance and Revolt . Potter et al. Theme 2: Caribbean Economy and Slavery . There was many reason why slavery was used such as plantation workers and mining. If so, Why Has It Not Been Adopted by More Caricom States, Health and Safety at Work etc. Acknowledgement 2 Introduction 4 Metropolitan Movements towards Emancipation . See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. The following website contains an article that deals with what life was like on the Plantation for the men and women who resided there. While most of us associate slavery with 18th and 19th century America, the truth is that the African slave trade started long before America became involved. 5. Life on the Plantation . Slaves were always bound to be slaves for generations in European slavery while in African slavery, the children of slaves were not... ...produced by pressing together moist fibers, typically cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets. Share yours for free! Justify this statement outlining and assessing the way(s) in which the slave … Justify this statement outlining and assessing the way(s) in which the slave trade impacted West African societies. This is because they do not contain lignin, which deteriorates over time. CXC 03/9/SYLL 09. In 1562 Sir... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes, Is the Establishment of the Caribbean Court of Justice a Sound Move for Caricom? Section A Theme 2 – Caribbean Economy and Slavery The West African Coast was the source of the Caribbean’s labour from the 1500s to the 1800s much to the detriment of Africa’s Development and Progress. Exploitation can be defined as the practice of taking selfish or unfair advantage of a person or situation, usually for personal gain, while labour is defined as work done using the effort and strength of the body. Caribbean Civilization (35 marks) Slavery is commonly defined as “the condition in which one human … Whilst the most common is for writing and printing upon, it is also widely used as a packaging material, in many cleaning products, in a number of industrial and construction processes, and even as a food ingredient – particularly in Asian cultures. Caribbean Economy and Slavery Assignment Help. in Knight 3:222). The Spanish Crown utilized the Encomienda system during its conquests and colonization of the Americas as a way to compensate those who conquered native lands, thus a tool for expanding the Spanish Empire. Paper made from chemical pulps are also known as wood-free papers–not to be confused with tree-free paper. History: Chapter 2- Caribbean Economy and Slavery. The harsh realities of slavery left many enslaved persons feeling maladjusted to their conditions as expendable labourers rather than human beings. B 4. Even Though Britain and the Americans were the most prominent supporters of slavery, it was however the Portuguese who first took advantage of the African Slave Trade; by the end of the 15th century they had exported more than 10,000 slaves to sugar plantations. 4 . Pages The ‘Sugar Revolution’ was referred to as such due to the changes and consequences which were far reaching and rapid. Adjustments to Emancipation, 1838 -1876 . November 23rd, 2010 The resistance to their conditions were an everyday feature of their lives as slaves. Slaves were always given a low degree of treatment than the family members of their masters. Caribbean Economy and Slavery: the West African Coast Was the Source of the Caribbean’s Labour from the 1500s to the 1800s Much to the Detriment of Africa’s Development and Progress. Classic. These special licenses, asientos, only allowed a specific number of slaves into a diverse number of countries and limited the need for African slaves. It is still alive today in certain parts of the African continent, but that doesnt change the fact that america was involved. A slave is consequently considered the property of that person and is thus deprived of rights which are commonly held by free persons. The Chinese and Egyptians were some of the earliest known examples of institutionalized slavery, as were the, Powerful African rulers supplied African captives when it was in their best interests, but they usually only sold smaller states or ‘stateless’ villages and only sold the criminals and outcasts of their own societies. The first gang consisted of the strongest and healthiest and they cleared, holed and planted the ground before crop time and cut the canes, fed the mills and attended to the manufacture of sugar during crop time. Curtin, p. The Slave Trade: a Census . Tainos were used to find and mine the gold because they were familiar with the surroundings and... ..."The period of slavery was characterised primarily by one protracted war launched by [16] Some would feel that each new ‘alpha male’ leader would lack the legitimacy found in a hereditary leader, which would only further encourage civil war. 2 Caribbean Economy and Slavery . During the period of the early 1500s the Treaty of Tordesillas resulted in the Portuguese being the first nation that the Spaniards granted an asiento. 1. shauna 2019-05-03 22:32:04 1 Answers. A. Slaves were people captured in war, used to settle a debt, or made slaves as a means of punishment. $1,008.00: $25.07 : Hardcover, August 1, 1993: $7.50 — $6.99: Paperback "Please retry" $775.00 . They were looked after by an old woman. Theme 2 Caribbean Economy and Slavery. Competition for leadership would prompt civil war among the tribes and increased political instability would occur. Caribbean Economy And Slavery. Candidates were expected therefore to have some knowledge of the Spanish imperial economy, the relationship between the decline of the Indigenous population The pulp can also be bleached to produce white paper, but this... ...“The history of the Caribbean is the history of the exploitation of labour” - with reference to slavery and the Encomienda labour system” Before it was a vital aspect in upholding the entire western economy, the slave trade was already heavily established within Africa itself. European slavery was much harsher. The following link is an article about the other sources of labour that were used on the Plantations of the West Indies, primarily the "white slaves" or European Indentured Bondservants. 8. Theme 2 – Caribbean Economy and Slavery It usually depended on the master's goodness if the slaves would ever be freed and given their rights back. Theme 2 Caribbean Economy and Slavery. Firstly, the exploitation of labour of the Caribbean with reference to the Encomienda labours system. The following link is an article about the other sources of labour that were used on the Plantations of the West Indies, primarily the "white slaves" or European Indentured Bondservants. Slavery in Africa and slavery in Europe had huge differences between them. Upon their arrival in the Caribbean, the slaves would then be auctioned off to plantation owners were they would be expected to work, without pay for their entire lives unless they were … First of all I would like to thank the Lord for giving me the health, strength and understanding to complete this project. By the start of the Civil War in 1860, there were approximately four million slaves of African origin in the US.The Trans Atlantic slave trade was a "peculiar institution" in that it consciously targeted and separated the African slaves based on "race" and skin color, and then uniquely took the knowledge and memory of their history, language, culture and religion. This was granted in 1515. Slaves could also work to earn their freedom and become free through hard work. By Peter Smith. (2004) posit that the evolution of regional societies and economies in the Caribbean has been fundamentally determined by the plantation era and the inequalities and inequities created by slavery and colonialism. Chapter One In the above statement “the history of the Caribbean is the history of the exploitation of labour,” it simply states that the Caribbean’s history is basically the history of its exploitation of labour. Another informative video based on the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade and Life on the Plantation Posted 23rd October 2016 by Adrian McLean Labels: Caribbean History Effects of Slave Trade Middle Passage Plantation Life Slavery Trans Atlantic Slave Trade Professor C. Curry 9. The United States in the Caribbean, 1776 -1985 . [15] In addition, within the tribes (e.g. Resistance went through a transition; freedom from slavery to the resistance of the slave system itself (qtd. Lest You Forget Caribbean Economy And Slavery Pdf Freel March 15 2020 lest you forget caribbean economy and slavery, lest you forget caribbean economy and slavery pdf Justify This Statement Outlining, Section A There was easier access to Taino labour and it was unnecessary to spend extra money on importing slaves. WHITE SLAVES AND BOND SERVANTS IN THE PLANTATIONS. 326.1 Cur . Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $1,008.00 . Many are downloadable. STEP 2: Reading The Caribbean Economy And Slavery Harvard Case Study: To have a complete understanding of the case, one should focus on case reading. (35 marks) Slavery is commonly defined as “the condition in which one human being owns another”. The Treaty of Tordesillas, which was a line of demarcation drawn north to south, west of the Azores and Cape Verde’s, stipulated that the areas west of the line belonged to the Spaniards and the east to the Portuguese. Another consequence of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and slavery was an increase in the general level of war within the West African interior, as the European presence on the coast offered apparently high prices for war captives, and so war became increasingly profitable in the short-term. It is said that case should be read two times. Ra’Monne Darrell Gardiner Caribbean Slave Society and Economy: A Student Reader Hardcover – August 1, 1993 by Hilary Beckles (Author), Verene Shepherd (Editor) 4.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. Aims and Objective 5 THEME: CARIBBEAN ECONOMY AND SLAVERY This is their Theme. The transatlantic slave trade: its structure and effects. Take the quiz below on Caribbean economy and slavery and learn some more about it. Slavery was allowed in Africa during those times slaves were always treated like members of the family bad treatment with slaves was always not allowed. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969. Caribbean Political Development up to 1985 . Africans were forcibly brought to British owned colonies in the Caribbean and sold as slaves to work on plantations and many meet their end in the journey. Because the institution of slavery has exerted such momentous force in shaping the socioeconomic and political history of the Caribbean, much of the region's historical writing has focused on slavery. Gang two included the young boys and girls and pregnant females. The... ...Slavery was the trade that during the 18th and 19th centuries provided the West Indies and places like it with males and females to do work on the plantations. What were the reasons for the change from tobacco to sugarcane (better termed a the sugar revolution) in the 17th century Assess the social political and … Caribbean Slave Society and Economy by Hilary Beckles, 1991, New Press, Distributed by W.W. Norton & Co. edition, in English What caused the less-fortunate in Engla… What cash crop created the trade in ens… Caravel. Table of Contents the Yoruba or Hausa) there would be a change from male hereditary rule to a system whereby the strongest person would rule. This is accomplished by dissolving lignin in a cooking liquor, so that it may be washed from the cellulose fibers. fytittitiui64eu5fir57i6ri77rit87r87t8 What were the economical, social and political consequences which resulted from the changeover of tobacco to sugarcane in the 17th Century? Slavery was abolished in 1833, this was due to a number of reasons Craton states that in order to understand the forms and types of resistance, one must view it on several levels. Caribbean Economy, 1875 - 1985 . Section A – Theme 2: Caribbean Economy and Slavery Question 3 This question focused on the people who were used as labourers by the European settlers in the Caribbean before the Africans, the territories which produced logwood in the 1600s, Dutch assistance Learn new and interesting things. History. Objectives What is the sugar revolution? Acknowledgement The definitions of keywords exploitation and labour must be considered. Caribbean Society 1900 - 1985 . Slavery : Causes And Effects Of Colorism In The Caribbean 1619 Words | 7 Pages. [2] 6. Marriages between slaves and the members of their masters' families was allowed. As a result of the treaty Africa was on Portugal’s side of the line, so in order for Spaniards to obtain African slaves they had to go through the Portuguese. Also slaves could hold important positions in the government and become leaders of their tribes. The Atlantic Slave Trade 6-7 They were split into three groups known as gangs according to their health and physique. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Act 1974 Essay. They weeded the canes and did other light work. The third and final gang were the very young children who collected green food for the animals and tended the garden. Paper is a versatile material with many uses. “Where ever there was slavery, there was resistance” (University of the West Indies 86). 410004250 Sugar Island Slavery in the Age of Enlightenment: The Political Economy of the Caribbean World By Arthur L. Stinchcombe Princeton University Press, 1995 Read preview Overview The Bahamas from Slavery to Servitude, 1783-1933 By Howard Johnson University Press of Florida, 1996 Discuss with special reference to the anti-slavery activities of enslaved Africans." Secondly, I would like to pay credit to the Authors of the following books, whose work has provided me with information to complete this project: Lest We Forget, Caribbean Story Book 1 and Liberties Lost. Start studying History: Chapter 2- Caribbean Economy and Slavery. Section A: Theme 2 – Caribbean Economy and Slavery Question 3 This question was intended to test candidates’ knowledge of the kind of preparation that went into a slave trading voyage and there were several excellent answers, particularly with respect to sections (a) and (c) of the question. As the Africans continued to fight amongst themselves in their tribes, they became more susceptible to war, Comparing Two Methodologies Scrum and Rational Unified Process. 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