Baird's beaked whales have a large, slender, long, robust body with a relatively small, rounded, triangular dorsal fin that is located about two-thirds of the way down their back. These whales are among the least studied and most mysterious of all cetacean families. No data … This resource features passive acoustic sound clips of many amazing marine mammals that can be…, Entanglement in fishing gear, Foreign, NOAA Fisheries has issued an incidental harassment authorization (IHA) to the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University (L-DEO) to incidentally harass marine mammals during a marine geophysical survey in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. It has a limited distribution between 40 to 60 degrees North and 140 degrees East to 160 degrees West, generally found off northern Japan (Hokkaido) and the Sea of Okhotsk. Our work includes: Be responsible when viewing marine life in the wild. In the United States, they inhabit waters off the West Coast from California to Alaska. This type of whale is rarely spotted in the area. When a whale blows, its melon and beak tends to project just above the surface of the water. Baird’s beaked whales generally migrate seasonally based on surface water temperature. The beaked whales are one of the most mysterious and least studied of all the Cetacean families. 🦈 A Complete Guide to Whales, Dolphins And Porpoises Length and Weight: These whales reach about 30 ft (9 m) and about 9 tons (8,200 kg). described a new species (Berardius minimus) of beaked whale of the genus Berardius found in the North Pacific Ocean. The scars on these leaders' beaks and backs indicate aggression and rivalry for such a position. They often assemble in tight groups drifting along at the surface. The name "beaked whale" is from the way the rostrum, or long snout, tapers to a tip. Males generally have a broader, more prominent forehead. The front portion of th… Learn more about bycatch and fisheries interactions.

Beaked whales are moderate in size, ranging from 4 to 13 metres (13 to 43 ft) and weighing from 1 to 15 tonnes (0.98 to 15 LT; 1.1 to 17 ST). Fishermen process the meat of Baird's Beaked whale at Wada Port on July 29, 2009 in Minamiboso, Chiba, Japan. Females reach sexual maturity around 10 to 15 years old and males around 30 years. Information from this research can be used in management actions to protect these animals. These whales have been a long time resource for Japanese coastal whaling industries. Baird's beaked whales are the largest beaked whales and can grow to just over 11 metres in length, with females just pipping the males as the larger sex. Aerial video of 4 very rarely seen baird's beaked whales. These whales are among the least studied and most mysterious of all cetacean families. They are quite elusive and keep out of the way of ships, though sometimes they bask at the surface, unless startled. Increasing evidence suggests that exposure to intense underwater sound in some settings may cause some whales to strand and ultimately die. LENGTH. The layers of growth of these teeth determine the age of the individual. 12-13 m. Baird’s beaked whales are deep-diving cetaceans which belong to a group called the ‘beaked whales’, named for their elongated beaks. Minimizing the effects of vessel disturbance, noise, and other types of human impacts. Named after renowned naturalist, Spencer F. Baird, they can be found throughout the North Pacific Ocean and adjacent seas and in U.S. waters off the West Coast from California to Alaska. In the 1950's, due to new fishing technologies, up to 382 whales were taken each year. Marine debris, Alaska, We work with volunteer networks in all coastal states to respond to marine mammal strandings. Their pectoral flippers are short, round, and untapered, folding against their body. They prefer deep ocean waters of 1,000 - 3,000 meters, where most of their prey can be found. As adults, Baird’s beaked whales can weigh approximately 26,400 pounds (12,000 kg). Educating fishery vessel operators about Baird’s beaked whales, the threats they face, and how to comply with protective measures. Baird’s beaked whales can become entangled in fishing gear, either swimming off with the gear attached or becoming anchored. NOAA Fisheries conducts research cruises to collect information on beaked whale stocks, such as habit preferences and feeding ecology. Like all marine mammals, the Baird’s beaked whale is protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. Ocean noise, Once entangled, whales may drag and swim with attached gear for long distances, ultimately resulting in fatigue, compromised feeding ability, or severe injury, which may lead to reduced reproductive success and death. Our research projects have helped us better understand Baird’s beaked whales and the challenges they face. {{Information |Description={{Inkscape}}Size comparison of an average human and a Baird's beaked whale |Date=19 May 2007 |Author=Chris huh |Permission={{GFDL-user|Chris huh}} |other_versions=Image:Baird's_beaked_whale_size.png}} Under the Marine Mammal Protection Act, an unusual mortality event (UME) is defined as "a stranding that is unexpected; involves a significant die-off of any marine mammal population; and demands immediate response." These mammals have a long body, which increases in girth toward the middle. In the eastern North Pacific ocean, they can be found north of 28° North to the southern Bering Sea, and in the Western North Pacific ocean from 34° North to the Okhotsk Sea. Whales sleep differently to humans, with only half of their brain asleep, so that they remember to breathe, otherwise they would drown. There is little information on the abundance of this species because sightings at sea are rare. Because of the uncertainty regarding their migration patterns and variable distribution, the two stocks off the U.S. West Coast may overlap. They mate in mid-summer in warm waters near Japan and California. Baird's beaked whales are the largest members of the beaked whale family (Ziphiidae). Thus, data are insufficient to estimate population trends. Baird's Beaked Whale Range Map (North Pacific Ocean) Latin Name: Berardius bairdii : Conservation Status: Data Deficient: Location: North Pacific Ocean: Colour: Grey: Length: Up to 12.8 m (42 ft) Weight - Kg (- lbs) Life Expectancy: They have a noticeable beak with two pairs of … For example, the Alaska Fisheries Science Center has estimated the abundance of Baird’s beaked whales and other cetaceans in the Gulf of Alaska, using oceanic research vessels to perform line-transect surveys. Baird’s beaked whales travel in breeding groups numbering 6-30 members. As adults, they can weigh up to approximately 26,455 pounds. Males are believed to reach sexual maturity when they are 10-11 m (32-36 ft) in length and females, 10-10.3 m (32-34 ft). Younger whales may have a comparatively paler … Researchers and collaborators at the Alaska Fisheries Science Center have conducted acoustic monitoring to record the sounds that Baird’s beaked whales and other cetaceans receive and the sounds they produce. It never gets old seeing an animal of that size coming completely out of the water! Call the NOAA Fisheries Enforcement Hotline at (800) 853-1964 to report a federal marine resource violation. Baird's beaked whales are found throughout the North Pacific Ocean and adjacent seas (Bering Sea, Sea of Cortez, Sea of Japan, Okhotsk Sea, and occasionally the southern Gulf of California). This is an incredible sight. The animals span 35 to 42 feet (10.7 to 12.8 meters) long and adult males may weight over 22,000 pounds (10,000 kilograms). NOAA Fisheries manages two stocks of Baird’s beaked whale: the Alaska stock and the California-Oregon-Washington stock. A whale breathes through a blowhole at the top of its head, taking in air through the blowhole when at the water’s surface. Researchers examined the sound exposure, sound use, and behavior of beaked whales in the Gulf of Alaska, where the Navy periodically conducts training exercises. Older animals may have rounded, worn teeth and heavily infested with barnacles. They can become entangled in many different gear types, particularly in gear associated with the California/Oregon drift gillnet fishery. West Coast, To understand the health of marine mammal populations, scientists study unusual mortality events. They also have a curved head with a bulbous forehead (known as a melon); a distinct, long, cylindrical beak; a curved mouth line; and a crescent-shaped blowhole. Learn more about the Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program. Baird's beaked whales, sometimes called giant bottlenose whales, are the largest members of the beaked whale family. This whale can be identified when it surfaces to breathe; its head comes out of the water at a steep angle allowing the bulging forehead and beak to be seen clearly. Adult males may seem lighter because of heavy grayish-white scarring from scratching and raking other males with their small front teeth. A whales moves its tail up and down to swim, as well as using its flippers, which also help it to turn. Historically, at least 4,000 Baird's beaked whales were hunted by commercial whalers in the North Pacific Ocean, mainly by Japan, though also by Russia, Canada, and the United States. The smaller form of Baird’s beaked whale occurring in northern Hokkaido and the Sea of Okhotsk is darker in color, and is referred to as the black form. The smaller form of Baird’s beaked whale occurring in northern Hokkaido and the Sea of Okhotsk is darker in color, and is referred to as the black form. Females reach lengths of about 36 feet, while males are slightly smaller at about 35 feet. Identification is further complicated by their relatively small body sizes, elusive and shy behavior, and inconspicuous blow. Little is known of this species' wintering grounds. Beaked whales commonly dive to depths of 3,300 feet. seismic airguns used for oil and gas exploration. NOAA Fisheries is investigating all aspects of acoustic communication and hearing in marine animals, as well as the effects of sound on beaked whale behavior and hearing. According to Wikipedia, estimates for Baird's are of the order of 30,000 individuals. They have broad foreheads, commonly referred to as melons. It is believed that … After another half breach and some more slapping he dove (for real this time) and we headed further out into the Bay. Determining the size of Baird’s beaked whale populations helps resource managers gauge the success of NOAA Fisheries’ conservation measures. Baird's Beaked Whale Wikipedia article -, 2. Overall, Species in the beaked whale family are elusive and shy, and often lack easily discernible physical characteristics to distinguish them from one another. Learn more about our marine life viewing guidelines >. Although they face threats from entanglement in fishing gear, commercial whaling, marine debris ingestion, and human-caused noise, Baird’s beaked whales are not listed as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act. The gray coloration form is Baird's beaked whale which are larger and have a more southerly and widespread distribution. In the Pacific, we implemented the Pacific Offshore Cetacean Take Reduction Plan to reduce mortalities and serious injuries of several marine mammal stocks—including Baird’s beaked whales—incidentally injured in the California thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet fishery. The teeth in the Ziphiidae are used by the males for fighting a… The oldest recorded age is 84 years for a male Baird's beaked whale and 54 years for a female. According to the IUCN Red List, there are 1,100 Baird’s beaked whales in the eastern North Pacific, and about 7,000 individuals in Japanese waters (5,029 off the Pacific coast, 1,260 in the eastern Sea of Japan, and 660 for the southern Okhotsk Sea). Their upperparts are dark brown, with a lighter mottled underside of unevenly spread white patches. When stranded animals are found alive, NOAA Fisheries and its partners assess the animal’s health and try to return it to the water. World map providing approximate representation of the Baird's beaked whale's range. Baird’s beaked whales actually resemble massive bottlenose dolphins. Baird’s Beaked whale, Berardius bairdii, is one of three species in the genus Berardius.These beaked whales are characterized by the lack of all but one or two sets of lower teeth, called ‘battle teeth’. Conservation Status. Entanglement in fishing gear is a primary cause of serious injury and death for many whale species, including Baird’s beaked whales. Photo: NOAA Fisheries/Paul Wade. – 18/9/16 ... a giant full 360 spinning breach! Report a sick, injured, entangled, stranded, or dead animal to make sure professional responders and scientists know about it and can take appropriate action. When stranded animals are found dead, our scientists work to understand and investigate the cause of death. NOAA Fisheries manages two stocks of Baird’s beaked whale: the Alaska stock and the California-Oregon-Washington stock. They can stay underwater for more than an hour. In 2016, we issued technical guidance for assessing the effects of anthropogenic sound on marine mammal hearing. Female Baird's beaked whales reach sexual maturity at 10 to 15 years versus 6 to 11 years for males. This species is often associated with steep underwater geologic structures such as submarine canyons, seamounts, and continental slopes. Baird’s beaked whale is found in the east from the southern part of the Gulf of California, to the Bering, Japanese and Okhotsk Seas in the west and in the temperate North Pacific. Females reach lengths of about 40 feet (13 m), while males are slightly smaller at about 35 feet (11.5 m). Each mother will usually give birth to a calf every three years. Issuing take reduction plans and implementing requirements to reduce serious injuries and mortalities. Between May and October, Baird's beaked whales have been observed in the nearshore waters of the Bering Sea and Okhotsk Sea. Read the final rule on the taking of marine mammals incidental to commercial fishing operations (PDF, 10 pages).

Whaleopedia was developed with initial funding from VISA. NOAA Fisheries estimates the population size for each stock of Baird’s beaked whale in its stock assessment reports. Males may fight to access fertile females, making use of their distinctive ‘battle teeth’. Thus, data are insufficient to estimate population trends. Noise and chemical pollution are further threats, as well as climate change, as it is predicted to change the marine environment. Sources of sound pollution include noise from shipping vessels, military sonar, and sonar used for seismic airguns used for oil and gas exploration. Baird's beaked whales in the Aleutian Islands. Beaked whales have shown behavioral responses to sonar and are thus susceptible to the impact of military activity in the area. Currently Baird’s beaked whales are classified as Data Deficient (DD) on the list of threatened species. For all other beaked whale species studied, the oldest recorded age is between 27 and 39 years. You may also contact your closest NOAA Office of Law Enforcement field office during regular business hours. Both whales reach similar sizes, have bulbous melons, and long prominent beaks. Killer whales are the primary predators of Baird’s beaked whales. While diving, they generally feed between depths of 2,500 and 4,000 feet on deep-sea and open-ocean species of fish (e.g., mackerel, sardines, and saury), as well as crustaceans, sea cucumbers, squid, and octopus. Births occur from late November until early May. , an unusual mortality event (UME) is defined as "a stranding that is unexpected; involves a significant die-off of any marine mammal population; and demands immediate response.". Typical dives last from 11 to 30 minutes, but beaked whales have been recorded diving for more than an hour; the longest known Baird’s beaked whale dive lasted 67 minutes. Series Title: Checkerboard animal library. Baird’s/Arnoux’s Beaked Whale 3 Welcome to Whaleopedia.org - A project of the non-profit Animal Fund. Baird’s beaked whales may die after ingesting fishing line, balloons, plastic bags, plastic pieces, or other debris which they can mistake for food. There is little information on the abundance of this species because sightings at sea are rare. Sexual maturity is reached between seven and 15 years of age in Baird's beaked whales and northern bottlenose whales. The lower jaw is longer than the upper and the front teeth are visible even when the mouth is fully closed, forming so called ‘battle teeth’. Looking from above, the snout has the appearance of the neck of a bottle, another common name for this whale being giant bottlenose whale. Baird’s beaked whales are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. BAIRD’S BEAKED WHALE Family: Ziphiidae Genus: Berardius Species: B. bairdii Stejneger, 1883 Baird’s beaked whales are very gregarious animals, often found in large groups of 30 or more. Baird’s beaked whale: up to 13 m (about the size of a grey whale) Cuvier’s beaked whale: up to 7 m (about the size of a female killer whale) Stejneger’s and Hubb’s beaked whales: up to 5 m; Colour. Japanese whalers slaughter a 9.58m Baird's beaked whale at the Wada port on June 25, 2006 in Chiba, Japan. The size of an Baird's Beaked Whale compared to an average human. A sexually mature female, or cow, will give birth to a single calf that is about 15 feet long, usually between March and April after a 12 to 17 month pregnancy. Whales stay at the water’s surface when they sleep, their blowholes above the surface. IUCN Red List Data Deficient Photo: NOAA Fisheries/Robert Pitman. Baird’s beaked whales are very long lived. Predation from killer whales may also be responsible for some of these scars. With long, slender bodies, they have proud foreheads which protrude in a dense lump. This species has a substantially smaller spindle-shaped body, relatively shorter beak, darker coloration (black) than Arnoux’s and Baird’s beaked whale, and almost no linear scars. The Alaska Fisheries Science Center has also tracked location data from satellite tags deployed on Baird’s beaked whales in the Gulf of Alaska to monitor their movements and habitat use.

With declining numbers and emphasis on other species, the number of B. bairdii caught has diminished (Watson, L. 1981). They have a small dorsal fin located two thirds down the body, a blowhole that is crescent shaped, and a forehead with a melon-like shape, from where its slender beak projects. Like all marine mammals, they are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. They and Arnoux’s beaked whale may well represent different populations of the same species; only through the comparison of specimens can this be confirmed or disproven. Japanese Fishermen slaughter a 9.95m Baird's Beaked whale at Wada Port on June 21, 2007 in Chiba, Japan. Acoustic Studies Sound Board of Marine Mammals in Alaska, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, Report a Stranded or Injured Marine Animal, Learn more about our conservation efforts, NOAA Office of Law Enforcement field office, Pacific Offshore Cetacean Take Reduction Plan, Incidental Take Authorization: Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Marine Geophysical Survey in the Aleutian Islands, Finding of No Significant Impact (pdf, 14 pages), Incidental Take Authorization: U.S. Navy Northwest Training and Testing (NWTT) (2020), Notification and Reporting Plan (pdf, 4 pages), Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (External Link), Environmental Impact Statement (External Link), References- Proposed Rule (pdf, 32 pages), Incidental Take Authorization: Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Marine Geophysical Survey in the Northeast Pacific Ocean, Environmental Assessment (pdf, 155 pages), Incidental Take Authorization: Marine Geophysical Survey in the Gulf of Alaska, Environmental Assessment (pdf, 176 pages), Permits and Authorizations for Protected Species, Abundance and Distribution of Cetaceans in Alaska, Cetacean Assessment and Ecology Program’s Beaked Whale Survey, Ocean Biogeographic Information System Baird's Beaked Whale Species Profile. 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