"The war created a vortex of fear and hatred that led to greater violence and brutality on both sides" said historian Will Bagley. It was a war between the Ute Native Americans and the Mormon settlers. Utah's Black Hawk War book. Historians for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints say the years leading up to the war were "complex circumstances." The Snakes are an ancient band of the Shoshone, this was Sacagawea's band also known as the Lemhi. Then in the year 1919 Black Hawk's grave was robbed by members of the Mormon Church. The landscapes of Utah are as sacred today as when the Great Spirit created them. "It was a question of supremacy between the white man and the Indian.". For Wakara and Arapeen had orchestrated all-out war on the invaders and were determined to drive them off their land. Brigham Young was quoted by the Denver Rocky Mountain Newspaper as saying, "You can get rid of more Indians with a sack of flour, than a keg of powder." Black Hawk War - Black Hawk War - Aftermath and significance: Prisoners who had been taken by the army at Bad Axe, as well as those brought in by the Sioux over the next few weeks, were moved to Fort Armstrong on Rock Island. Tensions between the groups had been building since the Mormon settlers arrived in the Salt Lake Valley in 1847 due to struggles over resources. He approaches the subject with even-handedness and without agenda. In fact, fearing the war would provide a pretext for sending more troops to Utah, the Mormons with-held information from the government. The Black Hawk Indian War was the longest and most destructive conflict between pioneer immigrants and Native Americans in Utah History. Seventy-seven years after Black Hawk's grave was robbed, Black Hawk was again reburied in the year 1996. Now War Chief, Black Hawk asks for solidarity and support from surrounding Native Nations such as the Colorado Utes, Navajo, Apache, and Comanche to name some, all then agreed it was in their best interest to assist in pushing back on Mormon invaders under the leadership of Black Hawk. Black Hawk convinced his Uncle it would be better to end the war peacefully. I want to thank Historian Will Bagley for giving me the following document: Timpanogos Principal Chief Wakara told interpreter M. S. Martenas In 1853 "He (Wakara) said that he had always been opposed to the whites set[t]ling on the Indian lands, particularly that portion which he claims; and on which his band resides and on which they have resided since his childhood, and his parents before him—that the Mormons when they first commenced the settlement of Salt Lake Valley, was friendly, and promised them many comforts, and lasting friendship—that they continued friendly for a short time, until they became strong in numbers, then their conduct and treatment towards the Indians changed—they were not only treated unkindly, but many were much abused and this course has been pursued up to the present—sometimes they have been treated with much severity—they have been driven by this population from place to place—settlements have been made on all their hunting grounds in the valleys, and the graves of their fathers have been torn up by the whites." - Duration: 8:11. As you follow him through his journey of discovery, you will be captivated by his experiences. It took place primarily in Illinois state and Michigan Territory (now Wisconsin).This was a conflict between the Sauk and Fox Indians led by Black Hawk, and U.S. troops. We can't just lay all blame on the victims and ignore their side of the story! Native peoples teach us, "Before our white brothers arrived to make us civilized men, we didn't have any kind of prison. Phillip's great-grandfather Peter Gottfredson also lived with the Timpanogos during the Black Hawk War. I wanted very much to know what his experience was like living with the Timpanogos. Black Hawk apologized for the pain and suffering he had caused and pleaded for an end to the bloodshed. Depths of History Recommended for you We tried to take from them their culture, their religion, their identity, and perhaps most importantly, we tried to take from them their freedom. From inside the book . The consequence of the war resulted in an astonishing 90% decrease in Utah's Native population that was noted by Brigham Young and recorded in Indian agency reports, and government census records. Every student of Utah and Mormon history must hereafter consider Peterson’s account of the clash of Mormon and Native American cultures in nineteenth-century Utah. Many fallacious stories are told and retold, such as selling children into slavery, or children being buried alive with Timpanogos Chief Wakara when there is no credible evidence to support such an atrocious claim when living descendants of Wakara vigorously dispute these concocted stories. From 1863 to 1867, the warrior chief Black Hawk, also known as Antonga, led a combined force of Utes, Navajos, and Paiutes in a series of intense stock raids on the Mormon settlements in Utah territory. Black Hawk, and many other Native Americans, did not accept the Treaty of 1804. It took an act of Congress, the help of National Forest Service archeologist Charmain Thompson, and the humanitarian efforts of a boy scout Shane Armstrong to find and rebury the remains of Black Hawk at Spring Lake. This paper will try to explain the main issues that resulted from the Black Hawk War… No wonder Brigham also said, "It's cheaper to feed them than to fight them." They fought to protect the sacred and their honor. So, there were several leaders of the various Bands of the Timpanogos, but I will use the term 'Chief' since it is established that way. Black Hawk’s intentions in 1832. The Black Hawk Indian War was the longest and most destructive conflict between pioneer immigrants and Native Americans in Utah History. Mormon's war with the Timpanogos Nation was not a single incident. The Walker War, as it is called, continued for the next two years when Wakara was poisoned to death by the very people he had helped. 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