This compact variety looks right at home by the front porch or the patio, where its compact growth habit won't interfere with foot traffic. Unusual pink buds give way to pale lavender flowers in April and May. One of the great things about lilacs is that their bushes can survive hundreds of years, regardless of the local weather. The genus name of a Lilac flower is Syringa and it’s derived from an Ancient Greek word: syrinx, which means ‘’pipe’’ and ‘’tube’’ (1). – Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan; Syringa … You must leave enough space between your trees or bushes and, if you have a structure nearby, make sure it’s not next to your trees. Even though the most common type of lilac is the syringa vulgaris, many other types of lilacs that exist nowadays. In fact, this type of oil is aromatherapeutic, which means that it has health benefits as well. If you see your soil is poor in nutrients, then try to enrich it by adding some compost to it. Jamie has written about gardening and special occasion flowers since 2011. This is why in several countries, lilacs are associated with the Easter holiday, as this holiday tends to occur during the blossoming of the flowers as well. There are literally hundreds of named varieties that can be seen in an arboretum such as the Arnold Arboretum in Boston. Sensation. She is passionate about flowers and she is looking into transforming a person’s life through self-sustaining spaces that could, eventually, allow the community to gather and share knowledge and information. It is best in cool-summer areas where powdery mildew is less likely to turn the foliage into an eyesore. Lilacs have many usages, and they also have a lot of benefits for your health. Belonging to one of the most beautiful varieties of the lilac is “Beauty of Moscow” with polar white, porcelain like blossoms. It has a lilac-pink color, and sometimes it can grow a purple color as well. Its leaves are very bright, and it can grow up to 10 feet high. If your shrub produces any branches with non-variegated flowers, prune those out so the plant doesn't revert to a solid purple bush. She has years of experience in caring for flowers and plants. Even though this isn’t a rare type, the shape of this lilac is rare, in comparison to other lilacs. This lilac was one of the first ones to be introduced to the world. It likes to be cool, so try to avoid planting it in very hot areas. No, lilac trees are not invasive, quite the opposite actually. For such a beautiful specimen, this Lilac tree is surprisingly low maintenance. Littleleaf Lilacs will usually only grow up to 5 feet tall. Of course, it all depends on the variety of the flower, but most lilacs can grow 5 to 15 feet tall. This cultivar has a fairly typical purple color when the flowers first bloom, but as they fade they take on a deep pink hue. For more amazing flowers to see, check our list of flower names from A to Z. A white-blooming shrub-like Madame Florent Stepman lilac can give the spring garden a traditional look, while complementing any house color. Blue Forms 'Nadezhda' (also known as 'Hope') - A fine double-flowered form, the purple buds reveal the bluish florets for a bicolor effect. Growing lilacs is not as difficult as you may think. Once you do this, you will soon realize that your plant will focus on preparing itself to produce more flower buds, which, in turn, will also help the overall well-being of the lilac plant. If you would like to apply fertilizer to your lilac plant, then why don’t you put a layer of compost under the plant? Or you can place some lilacs in your bathtub and have a relaxing and refreshing bath. Eugenia Tovar has always been interested in nature. Lilacs flower colors are several, such as blue, purple, lavender, yellow, white, pink, and red. It usually has dark flowers, and they are very common in the U.S. The 'Palibin' cultivar is an even shorter plant at 5 feet, but its 7-foot spread creates enough heft to allow its use in a spring border without overwhelming the average suburban lot. During the Victorian era, many people thought lilacs were a reminder of an old love. In addition, violet lilacs symbolize spirituality, and white lilacs signify purity and innocence. If, on the other hand, your branches are short, you can cut 10 to 15 inches of the main stems from the soil, and this will help your branches grow. It can grow up to 10 feet in height and it is a very strong plant. Always remember that not all plants grow in all areas, so this will solely depend on where you live. To learn more in details, check our Lilac Flower Meaning and Symbolism article. They will also rebloom if the conditions have been set properly. In Russia, there is a tradition where the family of a newborn puts a lilac flower over the head of the baby, in order to attract wisdom to the child. Their flowers are very alike to the common lilac, and they are very popular among those who only just started their gardening journey because they are very easy to plant and maintain. Syringa meyeri 'Palibin' (Korean Lilac) is a slow-growing, deciduous, bushy shrub with fragrant lilac flowers in late spring. It grows quickly to reach a height of 8 to 12 feet (2-4 m.). She holds a Permaculture Design Course (PDC) certificate, and she has been studying horticulture and agriculture for the last couple of years. Korean lilac is not known to exist in the wild; it was discovered in a Peking garden in 1909. Syringa Syringa. It also is a vermifuge, which means it will help you with any possible threats for intestinal worms. The common lilac (Syringa vulgaris)—also known as the French lilac or simply the lilac—is a member of the olive (Oleaceae) family. This lilac shrub has single flower clusters of lavender-blue flowers. Just make sure you cut the old flower and its cluster at its base, this way you are making space for new shoots to grow over the following summer. Here are 15 gorgeous lilac varieties to consider for your landscape. They are very petite and have petite leaves as well. Syringa vulgaris If you are looking for a spring flowering tree with masses of flowers and fragrance, Lilacs maybe the plant for you. Aside from the refined lilac varieties with its big, dense blossoms, above all the French and Russian varieties are on the forefront of popularity. It is a very rare type of lilac that can only be found in China and Tibet. Flower colour vary from pure white through to pinks and reds as well as the popular purple varieties. Place them in any area of your house, and your home will not only look better, but it will smell great as well. In fact, they need freezing temperatures in order to start breaking away and produce flowers. In other words, instead of having four petals per flower, you can see many lilacs with eight, ten or more petals. I would love to plant more, but there is a limit in even a large garden for these tree-like shrubs. It is very easy to maintain it and it forms into a tree. Repeat the wonderful lavender-blue tones in your landscape with companion plantings of wisteria, forget-me-nots, Dutch iris, and grape hyacinth to capitalize on the tranquility of this hue. Grown as a small shrub or tree it is mainly the cultivars that are offered by growers. New Varieties of Dwarf Lilac. This beautiful flower has a rose-like color and it can grow to 10 feet tall. They usually grow up to 5 feet tall, and they love the sun and well-drained soils. It comes in both single and double as well as multipetalled forms in the full range of colors - white (I), violet (II), blue (III), lilac (IV), pink (V), magenta (VI) and purple (VII) as … It blooms in May and nothing will substitute for the great displays of massed bloom at that time of year. Lastly, lilacs could be used as distracting tools, especially if you have deer nearby. They are indeed, some of the most popular, offering somewhere over 400 different cultivated varieties, in colors ranging from white to blue to purple, and even yellow. The shrubs can grow up to 6 feet in height, and they are very tolerant of different weather. Nature is very wise, and this is why slugs and snails love to attack lilacs. It is a deciduous shrub, that can grow to a height of about 6 to 7 m, with heart-shaped foliage of dark green or bluish-green color. The fragrance they release can be described as sweet and spicy, which is very different from the most-common lilac scent. It has very dense foliage, but is somewhat leggy, with the foliage typically starting about 2 feet off the ground. Syringa vulgaris. Mrs. Edward Harding is a French lilac that was brought to the United States in the late 1890s. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 13(1), 10. Purple flower clusters edged in white attracts wildlife to your gardens. The most popular choices include Blue Skies (Syringa vulgaris “Blue Skies”) with its highly fragrant flowers. Just mix and match them and you will have a perfect gift. If you think your plant is becoming too tall, then you can also cut some branches. long are produced. Common lilac or Syringa vulgaris is a widely used ornamental plant in the gardens and parks. And you can plant it in pairs, or groups. The Excel lilac (Syringa x hyacinthiflora “Excel”) is a hybrid that flowers up to 10 days before other varieties. Among the hybrids we remember the Syringa diversifolia, the syringa persica and the syringa … As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases (at no extra cost to you). It is a fairly slow-growing variety, requiring 10 to 20 years to achieve its full size. They can grow up to 15 feet. It is very similar to the common Syringa Vulgaris lilac, but the main difference is that this type of lilac blooms earlier than the rest. This type of lilac grows quickly, and it can easily reach 8 to 12 feet in height. Charles Joly (Syringa vulgaris) Introduced in the late 1800s, this lilac is one of … Large, arching panicles of fragrant, tubular single, lilac-red flowers in May. Oval, mid green leaves, deciduous. However, the lilac bush that is often considered as the most fragrant is definitely the Chinese native Syringe Pubescens. These lilacs are yellow, but a very pale yellow in comparison to other types of lilacs. Even more than other lilacs, this cultivar does not like warm, humid climates. The highly fragrant flowers of common lilac can truly add warmth to any garden or landscape. Readily available for sale, and in a number of varieties, the common lilac is Syringa vulgaris. They can grow up to 10 feet in height and they usually bloom really late. If your summers are very hot then you must water your lilacs. From crystallizing them to be served as a decorative item in either cake, cookies, rice dishes, or even pasta, to making a lilac syrup, you can definitely use your lilacs in the kitchen (8). Syringa vulgaris NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. The area you choose to grow your lilacs must be fertile, well-drained, and, if possible, neutral to alkaline soil. Do you want to plant a lilac tree in your garden? There are several varieties of lilacs, both wild and hybrid. They are also good for beginners and even though they are slow-growers, they are very easy to maintain. Also, butterflies love lilacs, and they actively help to pollinate other garden plants that you may have. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Miss Kim Lilac (Syringa pubescens subsp. With a drainage system, you will only use the necessary amount of water, and all the extra water can simply go away and be used for something else. The Celtics saw lilacs as magical plants, mainly due to its fragrance. The beauty of the flowers is also very palpable, but its scent is one of the best attributes of lilacs. The common lilac varieties listed below are mid to dwarf size. There are also specific meanings that can be attached to specific colors. These beautiful flowers have originated in Asia and Eastern Europe, hence why the name is derived from a Persian word. Madame Florent Stepman is a typical common lilac in every way but one. long (20 cm), packed with wonderfully fragrant, single, deep purple flowers. Rather than the typical range of pink to deep purple flowers, this cultivar produces dense panicles of creamy white flowers. Refined lilax with a densely grown panicle 2. A Lilac flower is also known as Syringa vulgaris, and is, in fact, a genus of at least 12 species of flowering plants that have been officially recognized. It tends to grow smaller than the native S. vulgaris species, which can soar to 16 feet. Common lilac , Pipe privet, Pipe tree. In addition, some lilacs hybrids have been introduced by several people, such as Monsieur Victor Lemoine of Nancy, France. This is a late bloomer plant, but this doesn’t take away the fact that it is truly beautiful. Also, if you prune your lilac properly, then you can expect to have lilac flowers for decades. Chinese lilac (S. chinensis) – This is one of the best varieties to use as a summer screen or hedge. White or lavender tinted flowers in small panicles in May and long pinnate leaves with 7 … While many varieties of common lilac are rather large shrubs, Wedgewood Blue is a much smaller variety that makes it a good choice for smaller landscapes. This is another type of lilac that is very unique because its leaves are two-toned. It can also help you to feel relaxed and in a good comfort zone. It will all depend on the variety of plants you have, but make sure you leave enough room for them to fully grow and blossom. Most lilacs have some type of smell. With the arrival of the first spring heat, it begins to develop long inflorescences, consisting of large panicles of small tubular flowers, which open like a star at the upper end. It has an open, upright growth habit that remains quite attractive in the landscape even after the flowers fade. Leaves heart-shaped or ovate, 2 to 6 in. On cultivated improved varieties, panicles 12 to 18 in. Lilacs, or Syringa, are a widely grown range of trees and shrubs admired as much for their exquisite fragrance as for the beautiful profusion of flowers they produce each spring. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. By Memorial Day, late-blooming lilacs such as S. reflexa, S. villosa, and S. x prestoniae are at their peak. As its name suggests, this type of flower is blue, and it is absolutely breathtaking to see one and to smell one. If you live in a place with dry weather, then you should also water it constantly. Other names. Even though lilacs originated in Asia and Southeastern Europe, it can be argued that they also became quite a popular plant in many areas of the world. Color: Magenta 3. Sensation (Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation') Growing 10' tall and 6' wide this mid season bloomer is a must have for lilac lovers. If you want to reduce the weed that forms around the trees, then try to plant as many of these other companion plants and you will soon see a difference. Lilac Basics - Species and Varieties "Lilac” means the common lilac (Syringa vulgaris) to most people. It has deep blue flowers and when they open up they show you some purplish-red buds. It has deep purple buds and the petals are sometimes lavender or light blue. Unlike common lilac (Syringa vulgaris), which can be a chore to keep pruned, the species form of Korean lilac is a smallish shrub that grows no more than 8 feet tall. This is why it’s considered the largest lilac. For example, lilac oil can be used to help reduce depression and anxiety. The syringa vulgaris it is a deciduous shrub, the large heart-shaped leaves, light green, thin and delicate, grow back every spring, around March-April. Also, individuals from all over the world believe that lilacs also symbolize confidence, so in many areas, there is a tradition to gift lilacs when a person is about to graduate or when they are getting married. Thank you for your support! Water is important for any plant, but more so when you are trying to grow some lilacs. And even though it may seem like a really bad thing to happen, in reality, it doesn’t harm your lilacs. Syringa oblata Lindl. If you have a small garden and you are looking into making your landscape even better, then you should definitely plant this type of lilac. Syringa vulgaris 'Beauty Of Moscow' will grow in most soil types including clay and is happy in either full sun or partial shade. The optimal pH level should be near 7.0. The dense growth habit of Palibin also makes it a good candidate for a hedge. Cultivars/Varieties. – early blooming lilac or broadleaf lilac - Korea, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan Syringa oblata subsp. After a long winter, lilacs give us so much to be thankful for. The variation in tone between buds and open blossoms gives the appearance of layers of pigment, as in a Monet painting. Lilac oil is widely used to recover from different diseases. White Common Lilac. And, ultimately, this Arabic word is believed to come from a Persian word which is ‘’nilak’’ and it means ‘’bluish’’. Phytochemical and pharmacological progress on the genus Syringa. Syringa vulgaris ‘Andenken an Ludwig Spaeth’ has a deep wine color Syringa vulgaris Ludwig Spaeth early in May in evening sunlight I have five varieties of lilacs. And, if on the other hand, you have problems with your soil as it becomes acidic, try adding garden lime to it and you will soon recover the soil alkaline levels. They are not recommended to be placed in small spaces. Lilacs are also known for their great health benefits, so you must take this into consideration next time you are planning on planting something in your garden. Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris) Gloire de Versailles Lilac (Ceanothus x delileanus) Dwarf Korean Lilac (S. palebinina) Tinkerbelle Lilac (Syringa tinkerbelle) Chinese Lilac (S. chinensis) Sensation Lilac (S. Vulgaris sensation) Miss Kim Lilac (Syringa pubescens Subsp. When your plant is small, and if it has flower heads then try to cut them within the first month of their first appearance. Each blossom is adorned with a silvery blush on the reverse of the petals, creating a nice bicolor effect. Make sure you water it as well, especially during the day you plant it. General Description and Characteristics of Lilacs Flowers. There a number of Syringa vulgaris cultivars that produce shades of blossoms ranging from classic lavender colors to deep reds or bright yellows. The icy lavender flower panicles of Miss Kim will announce that spring has arrived every May. You can also give them as a present to your favorite person, and they will look great if you have many types. Not many people are aware of this, but lilacs have been used for centuries as a treatment for fever, inflammation and even malaria (7). The upright form of Maiden's Blush makes it perfect to add to your landscape as a single specimen, as part of a border, or as a group planting. It can grow up to six feet tall, and its flowers start blooming during springtime. Syringa vulgaris is the most common lilac and it is also the oldest lilac to be cultivated. The lilac is a very popular ornamental plant in gardens and parks, because of its attractive, sweet-smelling flowers, which appear in early summer just before many of the roses and other summer flowers come into bloom. Than normal bi-color flowers that truly cause a sensation all lilac varieties are exceptionally hardy long-lived. 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