In it He reveals Himself and His glory for us to witness. The New Testament conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy The first part of 1 Samuel overlaps historically with the end of the Judges Period that we find in the (1Sa 14:1-3) Jonathan’s proposal. i. 2. Finally, God’s approval was evident from His great blessing on Jonathan (he has worked with God today). God was just waiting for someone with the bold trust of Jonathan. General Epistles d. And they fell before Jonathan: Jonathan knew that the battle was the Lord’s yet he knew God would use him to fight. 1 Samuel 10:14 "And Saul's uncle said unto him and to his servant, Whither went ye? And there was trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. Major Prophets c. Bring the ark of God here: This was useless at the moment. And Saul said, “Come over here, all you chiefs of the people, and know and see what this sin was today. The Gospels He prayed, made sure his sword was sharp, and trusted God would use him to strike them all down. A Study of 1 Samuel Related Media Thai translation -- Portuguese Translation 1. Over time the word "Philistine" has come to mean an uncultured person who lacks the proper appreciation for art and beauty. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, (Hebrew/Greek Search by English Definition), * 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order', Search verses, phrases, and topics (e.g. There was the multitude, melting away: As the watchmen of Israel kept an eye on the huge army of the Philistines, the army started to melt away as they watched. So both of them showed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines. A few men could easily fight against a much larger number at this strategic place. Now it happened one day that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who bore his armor, “Come, let us go over to the Philistines’ garrison that is on the other side.” But he did not tell his father. a. As the Lord lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day, And the Philistines went to their own place, So Saul established his sovereignty over Israel, when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself, David Guzik :: Génesis 14 – Abram Rescata a Lot y Conoce a Melquisedec, G1 - alpha - Strong's Greek Lexicon (KJV), David Guzik :: Hechos 9 – La Conversión de Saulo de Tarso, David Guzik :: 1 Corintios 7 – Principios Sobre el Matrimonio y la Soltería, A Summary of Each Bible Book - Study Resources, Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Matthew 7:6, David Guzik :: Génesis 3 – La tentación y caída del hombre, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jesus and the Holy Trinity (Walter Martin), Jeremiah 41-45 (1979-82 Audio) (Chuck Smith), The Person of the Holy Spirit (Chuck Smith), Ezekiel 36:26-38; 37:1-28 (Chuck Missler). The New Testament He pronounced a death sentence on whoever ate in violation of his forced vow. God had a trusting partner in Jonathan. a. Saul and Jonathan were taken, but the people escaped: Saul wanted to find the wrong doer by the casting of lots. God was more than able to set the Philistines against each other. Moreover the Hebrews who were with the Philistines before that time, who went up with them into the camp from the surrounding country, they also joined the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan. 1 Samuel 13 - NIV: Saul was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty- two years. -------------------- If there were anything to say, it would have been best to say it to his father directly. Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness. 5. There was a sense in which he was undercutting his father’s authority before the troops. Saul showed that even in doing something spiritual like fasting his focus is on himself, not the Lord. Are You a Philistine? The garrison and the raiders also trembled; and the earth quaked, so that it was a very great trembling. (1Sa 14:25-30) Jonathan unknowingly breaks the oath and is told of his offense. The Old Testament And when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself. 7. Legalistic rules lead us into sin because they either provoke our rebellion or they lead us into legalistic pride. -------------------- The Gospels ii. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, The Whole Bible Luke-Acts Then Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their own place. There is a line by us not seen Which crosses every path, The hidden boundary between God's patience and His wrath. b. Now they had driven back the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. Many in Israel probably believed this as theological truth but few believed it enough to do something. Through this curse, Saul put the focus back on himself. (1Sa 14:36-39) In response to God’s silence, Saul makes another foolish oath. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided. c. But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath: Because of this, Jonathan ate some of that honey and immediately, it did the weary soldier well: his countenance brightened. Their obedience to Saul’s foolish command led them to disobey God’s clearly declared command. Johannine Writings Now he follows God and Jonathan into battle. Then they told Saul, saying, “Look, the people are sinning against the Lord by eating with the blood!” So he said, “You have dealt treacherously; roll a large stone to me this day.” And Saul said, “Disperse yourselves among the people, and say to them, ‘Bring me here every man’s ox and every man’s sheep, slaughter them here, and eat; and do not sin against the Lord by eating with the blood. Jonathan’s faith was demonstrated by his works. (1Sa 14:20-23) Saul fights in the battle and a great victory is won. In the Bible, the Philistines are the enemies of the Israelites. Biblical Art Need help picturing the stories in the Bible? But on this day, God would win a great victory through the bold trust of Jonathan. His object in Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. David with Ahimelech. Jonathan’s bold faith in God had much more to do with the victory on that day than Saul’s foolish oath. b. endobj Historical Books “Let’s set today aside as a special day of fasting unto the Lord. i. Jonathan showed wisdom and not unbelief. It wasn’t “I can win a great victory with God’s help.” It was “God can win a great victory through even me.”. Between the passes... there was a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side: On his way to the Philistine garrison, Jonathan saw a strategic position – a narrow path through a pass with large, sharp rocks on either side. Call the roll: This was useless at the moment. Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters, Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores. The Old Testament 1 Samuel Commentary > Study Guide 1 Samuel – a study guide Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. Verse 3 Jonathan smote - He appears to have taken this garrison by surprise, for his men had no arms for a regular battle, or taking the place by storm. 4. On this day of battle, because of Saul’s foolish command, the people were so hungry they broke this command. Saul chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousand were with him at Mikmash and in the hill country of Bethel, and (10-15) Commentary on 1 Samuel 21:1-9 (Read 1 Samuel 21:1-9) David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. But he was so caught up in being “right” that he added this foolish vow to his previous foolish commandment. Saul’s royal glory is almost gone, and it is appropriate that he associates with a relative of the man named “The Glory Has Departed.”. 8 He waited seven days, the time set by Samuel; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and Saul’s men began to scatter. Minor Prophets So Saul asked counsel of God: This was good. Something had to be done, and Jonathan was willing to let God use him. Saul should have sought the counsel of God. Wisdom Literature -------------------- 4 0 obj But the people did not know that Jonathan had gone. Pentateuch The High Priest would ask God a question, reach into the breastplate, and pull our either a “yes” or a “no.”. Then one of the people said, “Your father strictly charged the people with an oath, saying, ‘Cursed is the man who eats food this day.’ ” And the people were faint. Will You deliver them into the hand of Israel?” But He did not answer him that day. Saul’s strength was broad over many areas. 1 Samuel 14:27 Or 1. Now it happened one day that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who bore his armor, “Come, let us go over to the Philistines’ garrison that is on the other side.” But he did not tell his father. And when the people had come into the woods, there was the honey, dripping; but no one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. and came to Samuel to Ramah--Samuel was living in great retirement, superintending the school of the prophets, established in the little hamlet of Naioth, in “God is ever on the outlook for believing souls, who will receive his power and grace on the one hand, and transmit them on the other. (1Sa 14:16-19) Saul learns of the battle. The JudgeshIp oF samueL (4:1–7:17) %PDF-1.5 d. While Saul talked to the priest... the noise which was in the camp of the Philistines continued to increase; so Saul said to the priest, “Withdraw your hand.” Eventually, the noise of God and Jonathan fighting against the Philistines became so loud that Saul knew he had to also fight. And the Philistines said, “Look, the Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden.” Then the men of the garrison called to Jonathan and his armorbearer, and said, “Come up to us, and we will show you something.” Jonathan said to his armorbearer, “Come up after me, for the Lord has delivered them into the hand of Israel.” And Jonathan climbed up on his hands and knees with his armorbearer after him; and they fell before Jonathan. Faith is willing to let God know the whole plan, and to know our part one step at a time. Check out our Digital Old Testament Library for a huge collection of resources on 1 Samuel and all of the Old Testament! Numbers or odds did not restrain God, but unbelief could. If any such fast was to be declared and a curse attached to it, Samuel had the spiritual authority to do it, not Saul. It is likely that the priest used the Urim and Thummim to inquire of the Lord. Wisdom Literature Major Prophets i. Ahimelech, the same as Ahiah, or perhaps his brother, both being sons of Ahitub (compare 1 Samuel 14:3, with 1 Samuel 22:4-11 1 Samuel 22:20). How far did the fame of Samuel spread? He did not have the authority to proclaim such a curse and he was not the spiritual leader of the nation. Certainly not! He fought many successful wars. 1 Samuel 11 describes the affirmation of Saul’s call (not in this study). Why would we need to know that the priest with Saul, Ahijah, was the nephew of Ichabod? Saul didn’t know what time this was. And he gathered an army and attacked the Amalekites, and delivered Israel from the hands of those who plundered them. c. Cursed is the man: This shows that Saul’s sense of authority was wrong. But Jonathan said, “My father has troubled the land. 9 So he said, “Bring me the burnt offering and the fellowship offerings.” General Epistles “Armor-bearers in ancient times had to be unusually brave and loyal, since the lives of their masters often depended on them.” (Youngblood). They probably used the Urim and Thummim as the way to cast the lot. So the Lord saved Israel that day, and the battle shifted to Beth Aven. 6. i. So Jonathan was taken: Saul was shaken. Insight, commentary and analysis. 8. And Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring the ark of God here” (for at that time the ark of God was with the children of Israel). It was Saul’s day to fast, not the Lord’s day to fast. God guided Jonathan as he boldly trusted God and acted on that bold trust. Because of his command, the people were faint on a day when they should have been strong. iii. Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the Lord’s priest in Shiloh, was wearing an ephod. i. Jonathan perhaps thought of Shamgar and how Judges 3:31 described Shamgar’s victory over 600 Philistines with a sharp stick. Now there was fierce war with the Philistines all the days of Saul. And the name of one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. When the morale and the physical energy of Israel should have been the strongest, the army was weak and discouraged. There is nothing wrong with fasting itself, but this wasn’t the right day. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point But the rocks are steep and there are a lot of Philistines up there. Pauline Epistles They only came out for Israel when victory was assured. a. Saul is probably trying to look spiritual here, but there was nothing to seek God about. Saul started out as a humble man (1 Samuel 10:21), but his once impressive humility was overtaken by pride. Did it matter if it was a million-to-one or a thousand-to-one? How much better if the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found! The Old Testament 7. He wanted to see what God might do through two men who trusted Him and stepped out boldly. Pauline Epistles Instead of admitting that the commandment and death sentence were foolish, Saul hardened his foolishness and declared “God do so and more also; for you shall surely die, Jonathan.”. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point <> Before the author describes this momentous change in the structure of the theocracy (God's kingly rule over his people), he 1. 1. Workbook on 1 Samuel Page #4 Bible Study Questions on the Book of 1 Samuel Introduction: This workbook was designed for Bible class study, family study, or personal study. Likewise all the men of Israel who had hidden in the mountains of Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, they also followed hard after them in the battle. c. Go then; here I am with you: These words from Jonathan’s armor bearer must have cheered Jonathan greatly. Between the passes, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines’ garrison, there was a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side. This will be a sign to us: In his step of faith, Jonathan wanted to know if God was really leading. Saul “Troubles the Land” Devotional 1 Samuel 14:24-30 Saul was something of a Pharisee—he required more from his men than God did. It may be that the Lord will work for us: For Jonathan, this was more than a reconnaissance expedition. Pentateuch '” So every one of the people brought his ox with him that night, and slaughtered it there. Then he said to all Israel, “You be on one side, and my son Jonathan and I will be on the other side.” And the people said to Saul, “Do what seems good to you.” Therefore Saul said to the Lord God of Israel, “Give a perfect lot.” So Saul and Jonathan were taken, but the people escaped. For nothing restrains the Lord from saving by many or by few: This is wise courage in God. Then Saul and all the people who were with him assembled, and they went to the battle; and indeed every man’s sword was against his neighbor, and there was very great confusion. Major Prophets of Scripture. Very well: This indicates that Jonathan took the support of his armor bearer as confirmation. By many or few: The odds were already against Israel. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 14 and more! They knew that Jonathan worked with the Lord that day, not against the Lord. -------------------- b. And the name of the commander of his army was Abner the son of Ner, Saul’s uncle. Read 1 Samuel 14 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). g. The people did not know that Jonathan was gone: This indicates that Jonathan did not go over to the Philistine garrison out of a desire for personal glory. All the people loved and respected Jonathan and they knew that Saul was in the wrong. But God will often do miracles – what He alone can do – if we will do what we can do. i. a. And as he came after him, his armorbearer killed them. Gideon had a confirmed word of God to guide him, and he doubted God’s word. They needed energy to continue the pursuit and finish the battle. . This quiz will help you to determine whether or not you are like cheap art or a person of impeccable taste. God was going to use Jonathan, but He wasn’t going to use Jonathan alone. b. It is computed to have been about five miles distant from Gibeah. (1-9) David at Gath feigns himself mad. Then Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done.” And Jonathan told him, and said, “I only tasted a little honey with the end of the rod that was in my hand. b. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a Poetical Books [A previous revision of this page can be found here]. 1 Samuel 15 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Jonathan knew God wanted to work with someone. (1Sa 14:4-5) Jonathan finds a strategic position. DAVID FLEES TO SAMUEL. There are at least three reasons why it was right to spare Jonathan, even though he broke the oath. For as the Lord lives, who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die.” But not a man among all the people answered him. Actually the opposite is true. Most think they were a pair of stones, one light and another dark, and each stone indicated a “yes” or “no” from God. Then Jonathan said, “Very well, let us cross over to these men, and we will show ourselves to them. 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